Flight Rules and Safety Precautions

Record of Amendment

Requirements for Flight Preparation

Flight Briefing

  1. Before each flight, student pilots shall contact the Kamloops Flight Information Centre at 1-866-992-7433 (WX BRIEF) and obtain a pilot briefing.  From this briefing, a student must determine forecast cloud layers, visibility, wind, temperature, turbulence, SIGMETS (Significant Weather Reports) and NOTAMs (Notice to Airmen) for the departure and destination airport, and the proposed training area or route.
  2. Prior to each training flight (dual or solo), student pilots shall examine the aircraft Journey Log and the Langley Flying School’s Aircraft Status Display to ensure:
    1. the total air time reported on the Aircraft Status Display accurately reflects the total air time recorded in the aircraft Journey Log prior to the first flight of the current day;
    2. the date and/or air time of scheduled maintenance tasks for aircraft posted on the Aircraft Status Display have not been exceeded;
    3. they have knowledge of any current deferred aircraft defects.

Revision 01-13

Ramp Safety

Prior to conducting pre-flight servicing or inspection of training aircraft, student pilots shall ensure the aircraft ignition keys are visibly placed on the aircraft’s glare shield, thereby ensuring the magnetos are switched off.

Revision 01-13

Fuel and Oil

  1. Prior to each training flight (dual or solo), student pilots shall record the quantities of fuel and oil on board the aircraft at the time of takeoff in the Training Flight Operations Log. The fuel must be specified in U.S. gallons and time (normal cruise fuel consumption); the oil must be specified in U.S. quarts. 
  2. For VFR training flights, fuel and oil must be sufficient for the intended flight, plus 60 minutes at normal fuel consumption.
  3. Oil shall be added when the indicated quantity is at or below the following: in the case of the Cessna 150/152, add at 5 quarts U.S.; in the case of the Piper Cherokee and Piper Seneca, add at 6 quarts U.S.

Revison 02-13

Weight and Balance Control

Prior to each flight student pilots shall calculate the proposed takeoff weight and Centre of Gravity of the training aircraft and record these in the Training Flight Operations Log.

Revision 01-13

Flight Authorizaton

  1. Prior to each training flight (dual or solo), the entry in the Training Flight Operations Log shall be countersigned by a supervising instructor.

Revision 01-13

Pre-boarding Inspection

Prior to boarding an aircraft for the purpose of conducting an engine start, student pilots and rental pilots will walkabout the aircraft to visually check the following: fuel cap security, fuel sump valve security (no leaks), tires and brakes (normal appearance, no hydraulic leaks), engine cowling latches (secure), and a last inspection for external airframe damage.

Langley Flying School Pre-boarding Inspection.

Revision 01-13

Post-flight Requirements

Aircraft Security

At the termination of each flight, student pilots shall ensure their aircraft is properly positioned and secured so as to prevent collision or wind damage.  When a parked aircraft is not under constant and direct supervision by a Flight Instructor or Pilot-in-command, the aircraft must be tied down and the control column secured.  In all cases, the control column of an unoccupied aircraft must be secured when the surface winds are in excess of 7 KTS. 

Revision 01-13

Aircraft Time Records

At the termination of each training flight, student pilots shall ensure the aircraft start-up and shutdown Hobbs times, and the aircraft takeoff and landing times, are recorded in the Training Flight Operations Log.

Revision 01-13

Weather Minima Requirements

Dual Flight Training

  1. All dual flights are governed by the weather minima specified in the Canadian Aviation Regulations
  2. While active VFR flight training is prohibited when below the above weather minima, Flight Instructors may operate with Special VFR authorization owing to localized phenomena during arrivals and departure.

Revision 01-13

Solo Flight Training

  1. The applicatoin of weather minima is based on the following forcast publications: circuit training is governed by the Langley ATIS and the Abbotsford Terminal Aerodrome Forecast, non-circuit training is governed by the Abbotsford Terminal Aerodrome Forecast, and Cross-country flights are govened by the applicable Geographic Area Forecast.
  2. The following minimum apply to solo flights:

Langley Flying School Flight Training Weather Minima

See additonal weather minima for dual and solo flights over and along the Strait of Georgia, below.

Revision 03-13

Altitude Minima Requirements

Terrain Rules

  1. Unless otherwise indicated in this section, all training flights are governed by the altitude minima specified in the In CAR 602.14 and CAR 602.15 of the Canadian Avation Regulations.
  2. Unless authorized by a supervising Flight Instructor, solo flights are prohibited below 500' AGL.
  3. The minimum ridge crossing altitude in a mountainous area is 500' AGL.
  4. The minimu altitude over water is sufficiently high to enable maximum distance glide to land with the aircraft propeller windmilling.

Revision 02-13

Maneuver Rules

  1. The minimum altitude for solo slow flight practice is 2500' AGL.
  2. The minimum entry altitude for solo stall practice is 3000' AGL and the minimum recovery altitude is 2000' AGL.
  3. The minimum entry altitude for spin practice is 4000' AGL and the minimum recovery altitude is 3000' AGL.

Revision 03-13

Additional Requirements for Spin Training

  1. As part of the safety precautions taken immedately prior to entering a spin maneuver, the Pilot-in-command will physically ensure the seat harnesses are attached and secure.
  2. Solo spin training is prohibited for non-commercial pilot training.
  3. Solo spin traning for commercial pilot training is prohibited unless specifically authorized by the supervising instructor.
  4. The maximum number of intentional spin rotations during spin training for non-flight instructor training is one 360°; the maximum number of intentional spin rotations during spin training for instructor rating training is two 360°.
  5. For two-rotation spins conducted during instructor rating training, the minimum entry altitude is 5000' AGL and the minimum recovery altitude is 3000' AGL.

Revision 02-13

Additional Requirements for Strait of Georgia Flights

  1. Dual or solo flight across or along the Strait of Georgia, the forecast weather minima is no cloud ceiling below 6,000’ ASL, no precipitation, and a minimum (15) miles visibility.
  2. Flight altitude over the Strait of Georgia must at all times be sufficiently high to enable maximum distance glide to land with the aircraft propeller windmilling.
  3. Belt-mounted life jackets must be worn by all persons on board single-engine aircraft during Strait of Georgia crossings.

Revision 02-13

Additional Requirements for IFR Flight Training

  1. For IFR training flights, fuel and oil must be sufficient for flight to the intended destination, and hence from the destination airport to the alternate airport, plus 45 minutes at normal fuel consumption.
  2. The weather minima for single-engine IFR flight training shall be sufficiently high so as to permit a successful forced approach during the course of flight, and at no time less than a 700’ ceiling AGL and three (3) miles visibility.  For multi-engine IFR flight training, the weather minimum shall be as published for IFR flight in the Canadian Aviation Regulations.
  3. IFR flight training at altitudes above the freezing level in Instrument Meteorological Conditions (IMC) is prohibited.

Revision 01-13

Additional Requirements for Multi-engine Flight Training

  1. Prior to pre-flight services or inspection, a visual inspection of the magneto switches shall be made to ensure they are switched off.
  2. It is prohibited to conduct a takeoff when Accelerate-Stop Distance exceeds Takeoff Run Available.
  3. A pre-takeoff briefing must be conducted or supervised by the Pilot-in-Command just prior to all departures which specifies:
    1. the target speeds, flap configuration, and gear retraction procedures to be used during the takeoff; and
    2. the actions that will be taken in the event of an engine failure on departure, with specific reference to Vmc and the anticipated landing area available.
  4. With respect to stall training, the aircraft must be at an operationally safe altitude so as to permit recovery at or above 3000’ AGL.
  5. It is prohibited to initiate a simulated engine failure below 500’ AGL, unless authorized by Chief Flying Instructor.
  6. It is prohibited to demonstrate Vmc below 4000’ AGL.
  7. All training involving actual engine shutdown must occur within 15 miles of the following airports: Abbotsford, Pitt Meadows, Boundary Bay, or Bellingham.  The conditions at the selected airport must be suitable for a landing in the event that the engine cannot be restarted.

Revision 01-13

Requirements for Collision Avoidance

  1. Prior to executing a turn during flight, students receiving dual instruction shall visually inspect vicinity airspace for traffic and call “clear left” in the case of left turns, or “clear right” in the case of right turns.
  2. During prolonged climbs or descents with ATC restrictions, students shall conduct periodic heading changes not less than 30° to visually inspect vicinity airspace for traffic.
  3. A clearing turn to inspect vicinity airspace for traffic shall be conducted prior to each stall, spin, and prior to slow flight manoeuvring.  This clearing turn must consist of a 180° turn, or two 90° turns in opposite directions, and shall be conducted immediately prior to conducting the manoeuvre.

Revision 02-13

General Requirements

Aircraft Defects and Unserviceabilities

All aircraft defects and unserviceabilities will be immediately reported to the supervising instructor and entered in the aircraft Journey Log.

Revision 01-13

Abnormal Occurence

For the purposes of determining the need for a safety inspection of aircraft, any of the following incidents shall be immediately reported to the supervising instructor:

  1. abnormally hard landings, nose-wheel landings, or landings involving tail strikes or excessive side-loading on the landing gear;
  2. bird strikes or possible bird strikes;
  3. collision or possible collision with any object during ground or flight operation;
  4. flap deployment in excess of the limit speeds specified for the aircraft;
  5. airspeed in excess of the maximum structural cruise speed;
  6. the exceeding of any other aircraft limitation prescribed by the Pilot Operating Handbook.

Revision 01-13

Practice Area

Except in an emergency, and unless otherwise specified by the Flight Instructor authorizing the flight, the practice areas for all Private Pilot and Recreational Pilot solo training flights is CYA 188 (A)(T).

Revision 01-13

Crosswind Limit

For all Private Pilot and Recreational Pilot solo training flights, the maximum crosswind component for conducting takeoffs or landings is 10 knots.  For all other training flights, takeoffs are prohibited where the wind conditions exceed the maximum demonstrated crosswind component published in the Pilot Operating Handbook or placarded in the aircraft.

Revision 01-13

Temperature Limit

The minimum temperature for all training flights originating from Langley Airport is -20° C.

Revision 01-13

Clearance Read-back Requirements

All runway clearances from a Tower Control Unit pertaining to taxiing to position or taking off must be read back.

Revision 01-13

Aircraft Lighting

The landing light of single-engine aircraft shall be turned on during all flights.

Revision 01-13

Wildlife Runway Restrictions

  1. Takeoffs or landings are prohibited when birds are situated on the runway surface.
  2. Takeoffs or landings are prohibited when coyotes are located within 500' of a runway surface.

Revision 02-13

Unscheduled or forced landing

In the case of an unscheduled or forced landing, the pilot-in-command (student pilot or instructor) must contact Flight Service, either by radio (121.5 MHz.) or by ground line (the Kamloops Flight Information Centre at 1-866-992-7433—WX BRIEF) and the Chief Flying Instructor.  Except in the case of an emergency, no attempt shall be made to take off after an unscheduled or forced landing without the approval of the Chief Flying Instructor.

Revision 01-13

Violation Provision

Students in violation of the Canadian Aviation Regulations, Canadian laws regarding criminal or national security, or these Flight Rules and Safety Precautions, are responsible for all damages and injury that result from such violation.

Revision 01-14