The VPI Cycle
A common thread throughout flight instruction is “recognition”—recognizing a particular attitude, and flight condition (slow flight, stall, spiral, etc.)—and a common tool to be used here is the VPI cycle. “V” stands for the visual clues associated with the attitude or flight condition, including the forward perspective relative to the nose or glareshield, and the side perspective from the cockpit relative to the wing tips. “P” stands for the physical clues associated with the attitude or flight condition, including seat sensations and sound sensations (wind and engine). “I” stands for instrument confirmation—altitude, speed and yaw indications, etc. The VPI cycle simply gives your cockpit pater structure and its easy to execute.